|Most common location in Texas||Red River Valley|
|Other Names||Twister, Cyclone|
This page is about tornadoes and their effect on ecosystems.
What is a tornado?Edit
A tornado is a rotating column of air that is touching the surface of the earth and a cumulonimbus cloud.
Impacts of Tornadoes on the EcosystemEdit
Tornadoes can uproot trees and other plants, which can result in a little bit less oxygen. Animals that relied on the plants for food would possibly die. The uprooting of plants can cause soil erosion, which means that plants will not grow well and animals will still not have enough supply of food. This can completely disrupt the food web of the ecosystem.
Tornadoes can also contaminate water supplies by transporting debris. Like floods, the contents of destroyed buildings can be dropped off. The possibly toxic material can pollute the groundwater if it is left on land, or it can pollute a visible body of water like a lake. Neither of these possiblities is helpful to the environment, as the loss of water can be harmful to us and other animals.
Notable Tornadoes in Texas and their damageEdit
- Waco Tornado F5 (May 11, 1953) - 114 people killed, 597 injured. 600 homes destroyed, 1000 damaged. 1/3 mile wide
- Goliad Tornado F4 (May 19, 1902) - 1/8 mile wide. Tied with Waco Tornado as deadliest tornado in Texas and 11th in United States. 114 people killed and 250 injured.
- Rocksprings Tornado F5 (April 12, 1927) - 74 people killed and 205 injured. 1 mile wide. Destroyed 235 buildings
- Wichita Falls Tornado F4 (April 10, 1979) - 1 1/2 mile wide. 42 people killed and 1700 injured. 3000 homes destroyed.